Green by Iceland and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals
Green by Iceland is tasked with tackling climate change locally and globally in order to create a sustainable future. Our work focuses on reducing carbon emissions in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 7, 11, 13 and 14.
7: Affordable and clean energy
Green by Iceland promotes the use of renewable energy, especially geothermal and hydro power in order to guarantee access to clean energy for all. An important role of Green by Iceland is to present and support export of knowledge and consultation regarding renewable energy projects, especially to developing countries that enjoy access to renewable resources. By building up their society using renewables in the same way as Iceland did in the last century, they can see astounding carbon savings. Local renewable energy sources also provide energy security.
11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
The renewable energy share of total primary energy supply in Iceland is 85%. The Icelandic story shows that renewable energy can indeed replace fossil fuels and that creating a sustainable society has huge economic benefits. Geothermal district heating was pioneered in Iceland and 90% of Icelandic houses are heated with geothermal energy. In Iceland, 99% of electricity is produced with renewables and the local grid is powered with a mix of hydro and geothermal power. The estimated savings of CO2 emissions are 430 million tonnes so far, compared to oil which was the fuel of choice before Iceland switched to local, renewable energy options.
13: Climate Action
The central role of Green by Iceland is to work towards a future with less greenhouse gas emissions. Our national target is to be carbon neutral by 2040, surpassing our pledge within the Paris Agreement. In the least developed countries (LDCs) and small island developing States (SIDS), Green by Iceland promotes the use of renewables, offering a range of green solutions that include products, technology and expertise.
14: Life Below Water
Icelanders have a long history of counting on oceans for their livelihood and a deep respect for the sea. Within Icelandic waters, a quota system is in place to prevent overfishing. Local fishermen have also found ways to reduce the environmental impact of fishing and have cut their carbon emissions by 29% between 2005 and 2017. Green by Iceland promotes the export of these green solutions that can reduce the fuel consumption of fishing boats internationally. Green by Iceland also supports local efforts and projects working towards cleaner oceans and better quality of marine life.