Iceland is primarily a food-producing country. The land itself is, in many respects, untouched by modern civilization, and the level of pollution is relatively low. These are unique conditions for producing wholesome and unpolluted agricultural products. Iceland is self-sufficient in the production of meat, dairy products, eggs and to a large extent also in the production of most vegetables.
Icelandic farmers employ the latest agricultural technology and output is subject to constant and strict quality control. Icelandic agriculture is primarily based on livestock farming, often a mixture of cattle and sheep.
Specialization has, however, increased significantly in recent years. A number of farmers focus on vegetable or greenhouse production. An increasing number of farmers have adopted organic techniques.